American Imperialism Review Questions Test Map Activities Begin (2022)

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American Imperialism

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• • Review Questions Test Map Activities Begin Imperial

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US Imperialism The New Westward Expansion

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US Expansion Through the Years

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Beyond US Borders • Is a country limited to its landlocked borders?

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Imperialism in the Americas

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Imperialism around the World

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Imperialism in Asia

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December 15, 2015 • Do Now: Yellow Journalism • Homework: Documents A, C, F, Cartoon • Answer the question: • What conditions influenced the United State’s expansion abroad? • • 5 Bullet points for each reading and complete the questions with the cartoon

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• • Map quiz Go over homework Notes Documents

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Map Quiz • • Label the following on the World Map Colombia Cuba Guam Midway Philippines Panama Label the following on the Latin America Map Costa Rica Panama Puerto Rico Dominican Republic

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US Imperialism • Policy of Isolation Having little to do with foreign nations

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• Policy of Imperialism – One country takes control of the land ppl of another country – Causes Need raw materials (industrialization) New markets to sell to (industrialization) (Doc F)

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• Causes (cont’d) • “Duty” to civilize and Christianize others • Competition between rival nations (Doc A)

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US Imperialism • Effects – Europeans take possessions in Africa and Asia – US Navy expands to protect trading ships – US wants to expand

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• Seward’s Folly (Secretary of State) – Almost assassinated with Lincoln • • • Alaska – expands US into the Pacific Bought from Russia Folly=ice, cold Instead found gold and OIL! Eventually will be 49 th State

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Alaska – Purchased for $7. 2 million (2. 5 cents per acre)

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• Russia Cartoon

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US Imperialism • Hawaii • Archipelago = chain of islands • Rich soil, warm climate, year round crops – Americans (Dole) set up sugar plantations – US backs a revolution of plantation owners to overthrow Polynesian Queen Liliuokalani

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– New American republic asks to be annexed • Eventually becomes 50 th State

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US Economic Foreign Policy • US wants to expand its Sphere of Influence – Area where a nation has special trading privileges

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US Economic Foreign Policy • Open Door Policy US wants all nations to trade in each others sphere of influence – ESPECIALLY CHINA! • Boxer Rebellion – Trade with China • Chinese secret society (Boxers) rebel against increased presence of foreigners • International Army defeats the Boxers

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US Economic Foreign Policy • Japan was an Isolationist Country – No trade with westerners – U. S. Commodore Matthew Perry • Goes to Japan with warships to pressure Japan to trade 29

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The Rise of Japan • Perry gets Japan to sign Treaty of Kanagawa –Refueling rights, two trade ports –Opened trade, Japan becomes industrialized –Japan builds a military

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December 17, 2015 • Do Now: Sphere of Influence • Open Door Policy p. 682 • Homework: Documents – Finish organizer • Review Sheet due day of test (-3) • Test is next Tuesday • Essay due Tuesday

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• • • Go over SAS #1 and #2 Notes on Sp-Am War Video Instructions on Essay Documents

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• Go over SAS #1

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December 21, 2015 • Do Now: Isthmus • TAKE OUT DOCUMENT ANSWER SHEET • Homework: • Review Sheet due day Wed(-3) • Test is Wed • Essay due Wed

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Spanish-American War (1898)

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Causes of Spanish-American War “Splendid Little War” • Underlying (long term) causes of Spanish. American War • US concerned about Cuban Revolution – Cuba vs Spain for Freedom 1. Politics General “Butcher” Weylar – Sent by Spain to stop rebellion • Brutal to Cubans • Put Cuban ppl in detention camps to – keep them away from Cuban rebels • (Doc E)

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• 2. Geography –Only 90 miles from Florida – 3. Economics • Investments in Cuba – sugar, rice, tobacco plantations($50 million) • Trade - $100 million • US did not want to lose $ due to revolution

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• 4. Yellow Journalism – Wild, sensational, biased, often false newspaper reporting – Cuban rebels portrayed as patriotic, Spanish portrayed as cruel – Pulitzer’s World vs. Hearst’s Journal • Two newspapers who competed w/each other • Sensationalized the war facts to sell more newspapers • (Doc D)

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Yellow Journalism!

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• Alfred T. Mahan – Author of “Influence of Sea Power Upon History – Increased interest in a strong Navy – Document – Source B

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Immediate Cause of Spanish-American War • What: Exploding of the USS Maine – “Remember the Maine” (260 sailors die) • Where and When? – Havana, Cuba – Feb. 15, 1898 – ship anchored in harbor at night • Why was it there? – To protect American Citizens and US property (riots) • Who was blamed? – Spain (“The enemy”)

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Sp

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• Role of newspapers – Tragedy turned into sensation! • Role of Congress – Declared War – April 25, 1898 • Role of President – Mc. Kinley didn’t want war but gave into war fever

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“Splendid Little War” Fought in Cuba and Philippines • Cuba – Teddy Roosevelt (before he was Pres) – Led “Rough Riders” cowboys and young college men – Battle of San Juan Hill, Cuba – They won! – Result: Spanish fleet was destroyed

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• Philippines (Spanish colony) – Surprise night attack – April 30, 1898 – Commodore George Dewey destroys Spanish fleet in one day – Americans support the war!!

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Effects of the Splendid Little War • 4 Months long (very short) • Losses: 386 men die of war injuries • 2000 die of malaria and yellow fever • Peace Treaty – Cuba got its freedom! – Caribbean – US gets Puerto Rico – Pacific – US gave $20 mil to Spain for Philippines – - US got Guam

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• Peace Treaty – Treaty of Paris – In Favor • US bases for ships • New natural resources/markets • Spread American democratic ideas and culture

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Crash Course

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• Video – Media Rich Learning - Summary

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• Peace Treaty – Objections • US had no right to take another country • Expansionism could lead to more war • Anti-Imperialist League – Mark Twain, Presidents of Harvard and Stanford, Samuel Gompers, and Carnegie • (Doc G , H, I, J)

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• Peace Treaty Details – Platt Amendment: Limited Cuba’s right to make treaties - Cuba is free but… • US could get involved to protect American interests (protectorate) • Protectorate: independent country controlled by another • US gets Naval base – Guantanamo Bay

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Peace Treaty Details – Puerto Rico – US Territory – Philippines – Territory • Filipinos fought a war for independence from US • 4000 Americans died • 200, 000 Filipinos died fighting the US • 1901 -US won – US sets up gov’t • 1946 -got independence

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US Imperialism

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• Go over SAS #2

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How will the US protect its new interests? • Panama Canal Need a shorter route between Atlantic and Pacific O. Problems? Panama “owned” by Colombia wants a lot of $ from US for the property Solution US helps ppl of Panama revolt and get independence T. Roosevelt sends “Great White Fleet” Navy to help

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Panama Canal

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• Building of the Panama Canal – Problem: Diseases – Yellow Fever and Malaria – 1 st must destroy mosquitos – Took 10 years to build canal

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Guess Who?

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US Control in Latin America • Roosevelt Corollary: “Big Stick” Policy (an addition to Monroe Doctrine) – US CAN intervene to preserve law and order – Use military force if necessary to keep others out

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• President Taft’s Dollar Diplomacy – Encourage US business leaders to invest in Latin America – Then US could intervene when economic interests at stake

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• Wilson’s Moral Diplomacy • Promote democracy by ensuring stability and prevent war in Latin American nations • US had a duty to teach republics to elect good men • Latin Americans resent policies

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Puerto Rico • The United States governed Puerto Rico as a territory. • Foraker Act of 1900 established that the U. S. would appoint a governor and upper house of legislature. Puerto Rican voters elected the lower house.

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Panama Canal • Panamanian Revolution against Colombia - 1903. Engineered and influenced by U. S. (T. Roosevelt) – Panama Canal Zone ceded to U. S. – • Construction of the canal begins in 1904. – • Completed in 1914. Increased importance of U. S. control of Caribbean Sea. – Protection of Panama Canal is vital to defense of the U. S. – Controls Atlantic and Pacific

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The Panama Canal • U. S. gained control over more territory with building of Panama Canal • 1880 s, French company had tried unsuccessfully to build canal across Isthmus of Panama, then part of Colombia • 1903, U. S. bought French property, equipment • Colombia refused to allow U. S. to build canal Panama Canal Zone • U. S. President Theodore Roosevelt sent warships to support uprising against Colombia • Panama declared independent, signed treaty granting land to build canal; became Panama Canal Zone, ruled directly by U. S. Building the Canal • 1904 -1914, Panama Canal built • Major medical advances required to control effects of yellow fever, malaria on canal workers • Shortened sea voyage from San Francisco to New York City by about 8, 000 miles

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Positives and Negatives of US Imperialism • Positives – US seen as a world leader – More territory to get natural resources from – Fueling stations in Pacific • Negatives – Came at price for ppl of acquired lands – More to police – more you have, more you have to worry about!

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