What are the 22 Different Types of Milk (Animal & Plant-Based)? - Home Stratosphere (2023)

Learn about the different kinds of dairy milk and non-dairy options available to help you decide which is best for you.

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Table of Contents Show

Quicklist: Types of Milk

  1. Whole Milk
  2. 2% Milk
  3. Low-Fat Milk
  4. Organic Milk
  5. Skim Milk (Fat-Free Milk)
  6. Raw Milk
  7. Lactose-Free Milk
  8. Flavored Milk
  9. Full Cream Milk
  10. Soy Milk
  11. Almond Milk
  12. Rice Milk
  13. Buttermilk
  14. Ultra-Filtered Milk
  15. Evaporated Milk
  16. Sweetened Condensed Milk
  17. Oat Milk
  18. Goat Milk
  19. Hemp Milk
  20. Coconut Milk
  21. Cow Milk
  22. Buffalo Milk

Milk, in its various forms, has been a part of human nutrition since ancient times and has a long, rich history.

The Agricultural Revolution around 10,000 B.C.E. changed the entire dynamics of ancient societies, during which nomadic tribes transformed into settled farming communities. The transition also saw the development of domesticated animals, increasing the use of animal by-products like milk, meat, etc.

Milk and other dairy products became prized commodity that was initially reserved for elites such as royalty, the wealthy, and priests. The most popular varieties of milk came from cows, sheep, and goats; however, as time progressed, other types of milk were also produced.

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Below is a list of different milk varieties, each with its unique characteristics and health benefits.

Milk Nutritional Facts Chart

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Whole Milk

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Also known as regular milk, whole milk consists of about 3.5% of fat content. The fat percentage typically ranges somewhere between 3.25% and 3.5%.

Whole milk is considered to be very thick, creamy, and rich and pairs perfectly with a bowl of oatmeal for breakfast in the morning. In the words of the Dairy Council of California, whole milk is basically “the way it comes from the cow before processing.” Although it is pasteurized and probably even homogenized, the ratio of fat to milk in whole milk is the same as in raw milk.

In terms of calories, an eight-ounce glass of whole milk will contain around 150 calories, along with an average amount of eight grams of fat.

2% Milk

This variety is also referred to as ‘reduced-fat’, which basically refers to the fact that the fat content in this milk is actually two percent of the total weight of the milk.

2% milk or reduced-fat milk goes through an important fat-removal process in which extra fat is removed from the milk. Many people prefer using this milk in their tea because it provides a very smooth texture to the beverage and offers that delicious, rich-milk taste. Not only that, but it also adds about 8 grams of protein per cup of tea which makes it an ideal type of milk to consume on a daily basis.

Low-Fat Milk

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Low-fat milk is often confused with ‘reduced-fat’ milk; however, they are actually different from one another. While the latter consists of a 2% fat percentage, low-fat milk has only one percent of fat content.

Often, you will find low-fat milk with skim milk powder added to it, which boosts its protein and calcium content and also makes it creamier than before.

Low-fat milk undergoes a process called “centrifugation,” which refers to the removal of the creamy fat layer that typically comes with unprocessed milk. This removal of cream and fat globules results in thinner milk with a white opaque shade.

Organic Milk

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Organic milk comes from cows that aren’t given supplemental hormones and are produced by dairy farmers who use only organic pesticides and fertilizers. This milk has three key characteristics that distinguish them from other types of milk. Firstly, it comes from cows that get 30 percent of their diet from pasture. Secondly, the cows aren’t given any kind of antibiotics, and lastly, they aren’t fed any reproduction or growth hormones.

The term ‘organic’ primarily refers to the different processes that make the milk organic rather than the final milk product. The nutritional profile of this milk is almost the same as that of standard milk, so there is no significant difference in terms of the nutrients and health benefits provided by organic milk.

Skim Milk (Fat-Free Milk)

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Skim milk is also known as ‘fat-free milk’ and is quite a popular choice of milk among weight watchers and health-conscious people. The sole reason for that is obviously because skim milk contains zero amount of fat. The lack of fat makes this milk thinner as compared to other types of milk.

As the name suggests, this milk goes through the process of “skimming,” which refers to the removal of cream from the milk.

Raw Milk

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Raw or unpasteurized milk has not been heated to kill bacteria. It can come from a variety of different animals, including buffalo, sheep, camels, cows, and goats.

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The fact that raw milk is not pasteurized raises several health concerns primarily because it may contain harmful germs, bacteria, and viruses that can adversely affect your health. However, advocates of raw milk argue that it is a ‘complete’ type of milk that is void of any harmful additives or preservatives and is, in fact, natural food with all its amino acids, proteins, minerals, and vitamins completely intact. They also suggest that the heating process simply kills the basic nutritional purpose of the milk, which makes raw milk whole and healthy.

Lactose-Free Milk

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Lactose-free milk, as the name implies, is one that has lactose removed from it, making it a great option for those who are lactose-intolerant. Lactose is a type of natural sugar present in milk that many people are unable to digest.

Lactose-free milk is produced by food manufacturers by adding lactase to regular milk. Lactase is basically an enzyme that helps break down lactose in the body.

Lactose-free milk contains micronutrients like phosphorus, calcium, and vitamin B12. It also has about eight grams of protein in a single eight-ounce cup.

Flavored Milk

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Flavored milk is a sweetened dairy drink that typically consists of milk, sugar, and natural or artificial food colorings. The most popular flavored milk is chocolate milk. However, there are many varieties.

Like any other kind of milk, flavored milk is rich in the essential nutrients required by the body to stay healthy. Namely, calcium, potassium, and Vitamin D. Research and studies have shown that children who drink flavored milk actually consume more milk overall, which results in healthier diets.

Flavored milk also has a longer shelf life as compared to plain milk due to the fact that it is usually pasteurized using Ultra-High Temperature (UHT) treatment.

Full Cream Milk

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Full-cream milk is one with the highest percentage of fat in it, which gives it the creamiest taste and texture compared to other types of milk that have a lower fat percentage. The term ‘full cream milk’ is also used for milk that has the same fat content as whole milk, a characteristic that makes both types of milk very similar.

Full cream milk comes from the mammary glands of most mammals which makes it highly nutritious. A 3.5-ounce glass contains about 3.3 grams of protein, 4.7 grams of carbohydrates, and 3.9 grams of fat.

Soy Milk

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This milk is simply prepared by soaking dried soybeans and thoroughly grinding them in water. Soy milk is a variety of plant-based milk that is packed with essential nutrients.

Soy milk is often referred to as a sweeter and thicker version of almond milk and is considered to be an excellent dairy alternative. Since its main ingredient comes from plants, this milk is naturally cholesterol-free, contains no amount of lactose, and is also very low in saturated fat content. It is also ‘complete protein milk,’ which means that it consists of the same protein content as whole milk.

A study was conducted to compare the nutritional profile of coconut, almond, soy, and rice milk. Soy milk was found to contain the largest amounts of essential nutrients, which led to the conclusion that it is the second most nutritious type of milk after cow milk.

Almond Milk

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Almond milk is another very popular type of plant-based milk that consists of subtle, natural sweetness and offers an incredibly creamy consistency. It is a dairy-free milk product that is produced by first toasting the almonds and then grinding them with water until it combines into a well-blended mixture. The resulting product is rich milk that has a delicious nutty taste coupled with a thick, creamy texture.

Since it is nut-based milk, it has an abundance of healthy fats, namely polyunsaturated and monounsaturated fats. It is also rich in other key nutrients like magnesium, potassium, calcium, protein, fiber, and vitamin E.

Almond milk is ideal for those who are lactose-intolerant and wish to avoid dairy products because it is free from cholesterol, as well as lactose. It also has a low sodium content and only 30 calories in an average cup of almond milk with 0 grams of carbs and sugar.

Rice Milk

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This is one of the most hypoallergenic options among all other milk types and also the sweetest of all. It is a type of dairy-free milk that is created by boiling brown rice and then mixing it with brown rice starch and brown rice syrup.

Rice milk offers a medium-rich sweet taste that is very pleasant to the taste buds. The natural sweetness of the milk comes from the rice grain itself rather than any added sugar. Since it is lactose-free and contains a very low amount of allergens, it is ideal for lactose-intolerant people and those who may have a great tendency to be allergic to milk.

This milk is also fat and cholesterol-free, which makes it the perfect milk choice for people battling high blood pressure and cardiovascular issues. However, the downside to rice milk is that it contains less protein and calcium as compared to whole milk. Per serving contains about 26 grams of carbohydrates which also makes it high in calories and sugars.


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Buttermilk was originally a fermented milk product made from the residual liquid that was left behind from churned butter that came from cultured or fermented cream.

The modern form of buttermilk has no traces of butter in it, rather, it is cultured milk that is stored and sold in bottles. Commercially made buttermilk is produced by adding bacteria culture to sweet, pasteurized milk. The mixture is left to ferment for a few hours, after which stabilizers, salts, and sugar are added to the ‘buttermilk’.

The result is a lot thicker, acidic, and tangier than traditional buttermilk.

Ultra-Filtered Milk

Ultra-Filtered milk, also known as ‘diafiltered milk’ is typically produced by running the milk through a thin, porous membrane that allows the contents of the milk to be separated. The process has been derived from the same technique that removes impurities from water. The act of filtration allows the final product to have more calcium and protein and less sugar content, and lactose.

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Additionally, ultrafiltration allows water and small lactose molecules to pass through the membrane while proteins get left behind. One cup of ultrafiltered milk is believed to contain six grams of sugar, 13 grams of protein, and 370 milligrams of calcium.

Evaporated Milk

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Evaporated milk is often referred to as ‘unsweetened condensed milk’ and is basically canned milk with about 60 percent of the water content removed from it. The water is removed from fresh milk by simmering it over low heat. The milk then goes through a homogenization process that allows it to integrate all its fat molecules together, which gives it extended shelf life.

The process of slowly simmering the milk overheats results in a very thick, rich, and creamy final product that often consists of a mild, caramel-like flavor. Many people refer to evaporated milk as ‘the best of both worlds since it contains a very low-fat content and yet retains its creaminess. This makes it a very popular substitute for cream in dishes that require a substantial amount of cream as one of its ingredients.

Sweetened Condensed Milk

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This is quite similar to evaporated milk, considering how the water from cow’s milk is removed to produce sweetened condensed milk. The water-removing process leaves behind a liquid that is very dense and creamy.

Although it is a type of milk, it is actually very different from regular varieties in terms of taste, texture, and consistency. It tastes very sweet and has a darker color and thick and creamy texture and consistency.

Another difference between evaporated and sweetened condensed milk is that the latter has sugar added to it as a preservative in order to increase its shelf life. While it contains some proportion of naturally-occurring sugars in the milk, more sugar is added during the processing.

Due to its ultra-sweet taste and super-rich consistency, this milk is usually added to sweet dishes and beverages rather than drunk on its own.

Oat Milk

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Oat milk is a blend of water and steel-cut, rolled, or whole oats. The mixture is carefully strained to create plant-based milk. The straining process results in slightly thin milk, making it a great option for coffee and pancakes.

Oats contain a large number of beta-glucans and soluble fiber, which makes oat milk an excellent drink for your immune system and metabolism. It has a mild flavor with subtle hints of sweetness, along with a watery consistency.

Oat milk is great for people with specific dietary restrictions because it is not only vegan and lactose-free, but it is also soy and nut-free. The presence of beta-glucans makes the milk good for cardiovascular health. It is also rich in calcium and vitamin D, making it highly beneficial for strong, healthy bones and a lower risk of osteoporosis.

Goat Milk

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Many people find it hard to digest cow milk which has high lactose content and also consists of a large number of allergens. Goat milk is an excellent nutrient-rich alternative.

Goat milk is loaded with essential nutrients, vitamins, and minerals and is rich in medium-chain fatty acids. It is easily digestible, easy on the gut, and also less inflammatory compared to cow milk.

One of the most important benefits of goat milk is that it has therapeutic benefits for heart health, where its fatty acids help lower cholesterol levels in the body and may even help treat conditions like coronary heart disease.

Hemp Milk

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For anyone looking for a healthier alternative to cow milk, hemp milk is an ideal option. It is excellent vegan-based milk that is produced by crushing and soaking hemp seeds in water. The mixture is then thoroughly blended, resulting in milk that has a rich, creamy consistency along with an earthy, nutty flavor.

The consumption of hemp milk has always been associated with a lot of controversial statements, considering how the hemp plant is also used to produce marijuana. However, hemp seeds do not contain any THC (Tetrahydrocannabinol), so there is no way that hemp milk can produce mind-altering effects.

On the contrary, hemp milk is an excellent source of calcium, iron, protein, potassium, manganese, vitamins, and zinc. All these essential nutrients and components allow hemp milk to deliver a plethora of health benefits, including improved cognition, enhanced heart health, excellent skin, improved bone density, and a strong immune system, to name a few.

Coconut Milk

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Coconut milk is one of those milk varieties that have gained significant popularity in recent times. It is a tastier alternative to cow milk with an incredibly thick and creamy texture.

Coconut milk is taken from the white flesh of mature brown coconuts and is completely different from coconut water. It is available in both thick and thin consistencies.

Thick coconut milk is prepared by simmering or boiling finely grated solid coconut flesh in water, after which the mixture is strained through a cheesecloth, resulting in fine and thick coconut milk. On the other hand, thin coconut milk is made from grated coconut flesh that remains behind in the cheesecloth after preparing thick coconut milk. It is simmered or boiled the same way till you get a thin, water-like consistency.

Coconut milk is packed with several essential nutrients, including calcium, fiber, vitamins, copper, potassium, selenium, and manganese. Some of the most popular benefits of coconut milk include weight loss, improved heart health, and an enhanced immune system.

Types of Cow Milk

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This is one of the most popularly-consumed types of milk that comes from the mammary glands of cows. In many parts of the world, cow milk is the primary form of animal milk consumed by most people. The main reason behind its popularity is its rich nutritional profile and a multitude of health benefits.

Cow milk is rich in protein which means it consists of all the essential amino acids required by the body to manufacture proteins. It is loaded with vitamin B12 – a vitamin that is vital for healthy brain function as well as for a strong nervous system. The high content of calcium in cow milk makes it exceptionally beneficial for maintaining strong bones, muscles, and teeth.

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On the downside, though, it is high in saturated fat content and also contains high lactose, which means it is not meant for lactose-intolerant people.

Cow’s milk comes in almost all the varieties listed above: raw, whole, skim, 2%, condensed, flavored, etc…

Buffalo Milk

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Buffalo milk is possibly the least popular variety or type of milk due to its extremely high fat content and the overload of calories. However, it does contain a fair share of health benefits and essential nutrients that help the body in numerous ways.

Milk comes from the mammary gland of a buffalo and is also a key component of a healthy diet in various parts of the world, including India and other regions of Asia.

Buffalo milk consists of large amounts of iron, calcium, phosphorus, protein, and vitamin A, which boost your immune system, stimulate growth and development in the body, improve circulation and also regulate blood pressure.

Now that you are aware of so many different types of milk, it is time to stock your refrigerator with your favorite pick because, if anything, milk paves the way toward a healthy body and a strong immune system.

Best Type of Milk for Various Recipes

Best Type of Milk for Coffee

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In order to get the full taste of your coffee, it is best to use full-fat milk to get that creamy flavor that you want. This may not be the healthiest option, so if you want to reduce calories and still get a creamy taste, opt for 2%.

Best Type of Milk for Cereal

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Cereal works best with whole milk. When it is designed by different cereal brand companies, this is the standard milk used because it is the most popular. If this milk is too thick or has too many calories, 1% milk is another option.

Best Type of Milk for Chia Pudding

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When making Chia pudding, you want to gel your seeds in 2% milk so that they thicken but do not get too thick during the process. For healthier options or dairy-free, almond milk makes a great second option.

Best Type of Milk for Cheesemaking

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In order to get the most cheese and the creamiest taste, you want to use pasteurized whole milk for your cheese. You can get great quality cheese, however, with 2% or 1% milk. Avoid fat-free milk because it does not hold up the consistency.

Best Type of Milk for Cappuccino

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A good cappuccino is all about foam. In order to achieve the best smoothness and creaminess that makes the drink, you need whole milk for your cappuccino. You may be able to use 2% if you really want to cut out some fat, but you will not get the same smoothness, and the foam will lose its form quickly.

Best Type of Milk for Chai Latte

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In order to create the richness of the popular chailatte, you need whole milk to bring together all of the flavors in the latte. Any other milk type will not benefit the chailatte.

Best Type of Milk for Tea

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If you like to add milk to your tea, you do not want it to be too thick, so 2% milk works fine as long as it is pasteurized cow’s milk. This is especially true if you are using a strong tea and do not want to cut the flavor.

Best Type of Milk for French Toast

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Whole milk is a requirement when making French toast. This dish needs a creamy flavor added to the toast and keeps that flavor. Also, any milk less than whole milk is too thin for the bread slices, and they will start to rip apart before you can start cooking them.

Best Type of Milk for Ice Cream

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In order to have thick and smooth ice cream, you need full-fat milk. This milk is the thickest and the best when it comes to forming ice cream and giving it that desired consistency. The thinner the ice cream used, the thinner the ice cream.

Best Type of Milk for Kefir

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When you are making kefir, it should be whole milk that is used coming from either a goat or a cow. The most important thing about this milk is that it is organic and full of nutrients. You do not want any milk substitutes in Kefir because it will not thicken properly.

Best Type of Milk for Keto

If you are making anything keto, almond milk is your friend. You are staying in keto compliance with almond milk, avoiding all dairy aspects, and having minimal carbohydrates.

Best Type of Milk for Latte

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The composition of a latte requires a thickening agent to take the drink together. This is where whole milk comes in and is the only milk option for this drink.

Best Type of Milk for Milkshakes

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Milkshakes are meant to be creamy and flavorful, so make sure you add whole milk to them. You want milkshakes to be thick, and whole milk guarantees that consistency.

Best Type of Milk for Protein Shakes

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Most protein shakes are made with fat-free milk to keep them healthy and reduce the number of calories. Also, fat-free milk is thinner than other milk options, which is great for thick and heavy protein, giving it a necessary balance.

Best Type of Milk for Pancakes

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Whole milk all the way for your pancakes. Like French Toast, pancakes need a batter that is thick so that they hold together.

Best Type of Milk for Smoothies

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Because smoothies are meant to be a healthy snack, fat-free milk works great. It takes the flavor of the fruit and/or protein that you are using while giving a creamy texture.

Best Type of Milk for Steaming/Frothing

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In order to get the full effect of a steamed drink or froth in your coffee, you want to use full-fat milk. This allows the froth to hold its shape, lasting for the drink and giving you that full cream flavor.

Frequently Asked Questions

Are milk cartons recyclable?

Milk cartons are recyclable. Most are made from a biodegradable material that is perfect for recycling. You can include milk cartons in your recycling bin at home without any issues. There are two main types of milk cartons. Plastic milk cartons are larger and come with a handle.

Due to the type of plastic, it’s especially important that we recycle these as opposed to throwing them away. Paper milk cartons are smaller and easily collapse into a thin sheet. Keep in mind that this type of paper isn’t the same as printer paper; it’s closer to cardboard with strong fibers. Either way, you can recycle these milk cartons, and even bring them in for a monetary reward in some locations.

What is skim milk?

Skim milk is a variety of milk where all the fat has been removed. It is considered to be the healthiest version of milk that contains the least calories. Even after removal, roughly 0.1% of the fat remains, but this is still a low enough percentage to be labeled as skim milk.

Skim milk generally costs the same as other types of milk, although it is occasionally a few cents more due to the removal process. When searching for skim milk, you can often identify it by a distinctive pink cap or label.

How many calories in milk?

One cup of 2% milk has roughly 124 calories. A cup of whole milk has about 148 calories, and a cup of skim milk has about 83 calories.

What is homogenized milk?

Homogenized milk has been treated at a factory to remove any inconsistencies. Machines pound fat molecules into smaller particles, evening out the texture and making it resist separation. The milk has a smooth, silky taste, which is perfect for drinking as opposed to baking. When all is said and done, you can use homogenized milk and other varieties of milk for similar purposes.

If you have a young child who is resistant to drinking milk, try homogenized milk, which may be easier on his or her taste buds. Because the milk has been refined, a little goes a long way.

Homogenized milk is slightly more concentrated in nutrients and vitamins than regular milk. Again, if you’re averse to drinking a whole cup of milk, homogenized milk could be a good alternative for you.

What is half and half milk?

Contrary to popular belief, half and half milk isn’t two kinds of milk. It’s simply regular milk with an additive such as corn syrup to thicken it. Half and half isn’t typically consumed on its own; the milk is very popular in baking goods and kitchens.

Because it is on the thicker side, the milk settles quite nicely and won’t disturb the rest of your ingredients. Not all half and half milk is the same, as other high fructose thickeners can be substituted for corn syrup.

How many cups of milk are in a gallon?

There are 16 cups of milk in one gallon.

What is raw milk?

Raw milk is unpasteurized milk that has not been heated to kill harmful bacteria. There is a lot of discussion about the safety of raw milk and whether it should be served on a regular basis. Raw milk is less expensive to produce because it does not require any special treatments or packaging methods. In general, you won’t be able to find raw milk in the dairy aisle of your grocery store.

If you do want to purchase raw milk, it’s best to go to a supplier or a warehouse that sells raw animal products. Remember, this is the reason milk is served chilled; at room temperature, bacteria multiplies and becomes hazardous to humans.

What is the pH of milk?

The pH of milk is usually around 6.6. Mild gets its acidic nature from lactic acid. For other milk aside from cow milk, pH can range from 6.3 to 7.0 depending on the diet of the animal and how fresh the milk is. Other factors that can alter milk’s acidity are treatment methods at a factory, its fat percentage, and whether it’s been malted or supplemented with additives.

What percent of the fat is whole milk?

Whole milk is 3.25% fat. However, this percentage can vary slightly based on the manufacturer, region of production, and how thoroughly the milk has been purified of bacteria. Typically, this range consists of anywhere from 3% to 3.5% fat. Because whole milk is often processed in large batches, the percentages average out, and the end result is usually very close to 3.25%.

What is malted milk?

Malted milk is a type of gruel made from malted barley and evaporated whole milk. It comes in powdered form and is a common ingredient in other dairy products. In cooking, malted milk is used to help the dough rise without forming an overly hard texture. While malted milk can be consumed alone, it’s typically an additive that gives smoothies and shakes a distinct flavor.

How much does a gallon of milk weigh?

A gallon of milk weighs about 8.6 pounds. As mentioned above, this can vary a little bit, as skim milk is slightly lighter and whole milk is slightly heavier.

How much calcium is in milk?

A cup of milk has about 300mg of calcium. When milk is used for baking, it becomes slightly less dense in calcium due to the heat.

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How many flavors of milk are there

The most popular flavors of flavored milk are chocolate, vanilla, strawberry, and banana. But there are endless flavors and creations that you can come up with.

Which kind of milk has the most calcium

Cows and goat’s milk have the most calcium. Low-fat and skim milk has the most calcium per cup. And if you can’t have dairy, almond, hemp, and fortified milk, alternatives can help you meet your daily calcium intake.

What is the thickest milk?

Evaporated milk, condensed milk, and coconut milk are among the thickest types of milk.


How many types of milks are there? ›

What are the four types of milk? Generally speaking, when it comes to dairy milk the four different types of milk are: whole milk (3.25% milk fat), reduced fat milk (2%), low fat milk (1%) and fat-free milk, which is also known as skimmed milk.

Is coconut milk a plant-based milk? ›

Coconut milk is a plant-based alternative fortified with vitamins and calcium but is a source of saturated fat. Unsweetened coconut milk is a low-calorie beverage. Because it lacks protein, coconut milk should not replace cow's milk in the diets of children.

What are 10 milk products? ›

Types of dairy product
  • Milk.
  • Cream.
  • Butter.
  • Fermented.
  • Yogurt.
  • Cheese.
  • Custard.
  • Frozen.

What are 5 milk products? ›

dairy product, milk and any of the foods made from milk, including butter, cheese, ice cream, yogurt, and condensed and dried milk.

What are the main types of milk? ›

When you shop in the dairy case, the primary types of milk available are whole milk (3.25% milk fat), reduced-fat milk (2%), low-fat milk (1%) and fat-free milk, also known as skim milk. Each one packs 13 essential nutrients, including 8 grams of high-quality protein.

What are the different names of milk? ›

synonyms for milk
  • buttermilk.
  • cream.
  • half-and-half.
  • condensed.
  • evaporated.
  • formula.
  • goat.
  • homogenized.

What is class 7 milk Canada? ›

Class 7 is comprised of skim milk components, primarily milk protein concentrates (MPC) and skim milk powder (SMP) used to process dairy products.

What are 8 dairy foods? ›

The Dairy Group includes milk, yogurt, cheese, lactose-free milk and fortified soy milk and yogurt. The Dairy Group does not include foods made from milk that have little calcium and a high fat content. Examples of this are cream cheese, sour cream, cream, and butter.

What are examples of milk? ›

These include products made from milk, such as cheese, yogurt, kefir, ice cream and butter. Cow's milk can be found around the world, as well as milk from other mammals like sheep and goats, among others.

What is class 4 milk used for? ›

CLASS IV - Milk used to produce butter, any milk product in dry form and evaporated or sweetened condensed milk in a consumer-type package.

What are the 5 main dairy breeds? ›

Types of Dairy Cows

While there are many different breeds of cows, in the U.S., there are seven different dairy cow breeds: Ayrshire, Brown Swiss, Guernsey, Holstein, Jersey, Milking Shorthorn, Red & White. Learn more about each breed of dairy cow below!

Is potato milk a thing? ›

What Is Potato Milk? Potato milk is the latest alternative milk on the market. It is currently sold in Europe by a Swedish company named DUG. The brand is quickly winning over fans with its three varieties: original, unsweetened, and barista.

Is coconut water vegan? ›

Coconut Water is vegan.

Is coconut oil vegan? ›

Coconut Oil is vegan.

Is there such thing as 100% milk? ›

It would not be milk. The fat in milk is the cream, or butterfat. Even the dairy cows that produce the richest, creamiest milk do not produce milk that is 100% butterfat.

What are dairy products Class 6? ›

Answer: The products that are obtained from milk are called dairy products. Butter, cheese, cream, curd and yoghurt are examples of dairy products.

Is Mayo a dairy? ›

Mayonnaise doesn't have any milk products in it, so that means it doesn't have dairy. Eggs aren't considered a dairy product, even though they are an animal product. That means if you have a dairy allergy or lactose intolerance, it's safe to eat eggs, as well as mayonnaise, because they don't contain any lactose.

What are 3 sources of milk? ›

Sources of milk and milk products include cows, sheep, camels, goats, and many others. Milk alternatives include soy milk, almond milk, flax milk, coconut milk, and hemp milk.

Does egg have dairy? ›

However, eggs are not a dairy product and don't contain lactose or any milk protein. Therefore, similarly to how eating dairy won't affect those with an egg allergy, eating eggs will not affect those with a milk allergy or lactose intolerance — unless you're allergic to both.

Is chocolate a dairy? ›

Many people in the food allergy community will assume that chocolate contains dairy. However, pure chocolate is in fact dairy-free. True dark and semi-sweet chocolates are made with a base of cocoa solids (cocoa powder), cocoa butter and sugar.

Does dairy cause acne? ›

Cow's milk may lead to acne breakouts

While cow's milk (but not milkshakes) is a low-glycemic beverage, some studies suggest that drinking this type of milk may be linked to an increase in acne breakouts. In these studies, all types of cow's milk (whole, low-fat, and skim) have been linked to acne.

Is bread a dairy? ›

White Bread is dairy free. White Bread does not contain milk and should be safe for those with a milk allergy.

How much dairy should you eat a day UK? ›

Aim for 2 to 3 servings every day. A serving is a: small matchbox size piece of cheese.

Why do we drink milk for Class 5? ›

Answer: It's packed with important nutrients like calcium, phosphorus, B vitamins, potassium and vitamin D. Plus, it's an excellent source of protein. Drinking milk and dairy products may prevent osteoporosis and bone fractures and even help you maintain a healthy weight.

Is cheese a dairy? ›

Cheese is a nutrient-dense dairy food, providing protein, fats, and minerals. Some hard block cheeses that contain little moisture like Parmigiano-Reggiano and aged cheddar are easily stored and travel well because they do not require refrigeration.

What is milk made of? ›

Whole cow's milk contains about 87% water. The remaining 13% contains protein, fat, carbohydrates, vitamins, and minerals. Processing techniques remove fat to produce lower fat varieties: “reduced fat” contains 2% milkfat, “lowfat” contains 1% milkfat, and “nonfat” or “skim” has virtually no milkfat.

What types of animal milk are there? ›

Cattle produce 81 percent of world milk production, followed by buffaloes with 15 percent, goats with 2 percent and sheep with 1 percent; camels provide 0.5 percent. The remaining share is produced by other dairy species such as equines and yaks.

What is milk and its type? ›

Liquid milk includes products such as pasteurized milk, skimmed milk, standardized milk, reconstituted milk, ultra-high-temperature (UHT) milk and fortified milk. Worldwide, less and less liquid milk is consumed in its raw form. Fermented milks are commonly used to make other milk products.

What is the most common type of milk? ›

Cow's milk

Cow's milk is the most commonly consumed dairy milk and a good source of high-quality protein ( 8 ). It's naturally rich in calcium, B vitamins, and many minerals.

Why are there different types of milk? ›

There are milks with different fat contents; milk fortified with vitamin A, vitamin D, or minerals; milk with added phytosterols; and flavoured milks. Your choice is influenced by your personal preference, mouth feel, and your dietary needs.

Why is it called 2 milk? ›

2% means that the entire weight of the milk contains 2% milkfat. The dairy processor skims the fat off the top of the vat, and adds it back in, after calculating the weight of fat needed. Excess fat is turned into butter or cream.

How is 2 milk made? ›

For skim milk, your dairy producer literally skims the cream off the top and leaves it out, whereas with 1% or 2% milk they're taking it out and adding some back in until it's 1% or 2% of the total volume.

Is there Grade B milk? ›

Grade B milk (also referred to as manufacturing grade milk) does not meet fluid grade standards and can only be used in cheese, butter and nonfat dry milk. More than 90% of all milk produced nationally is Grade A, and much of the Grade A milk supply is used in manufactured dairy products.

Is there a grade C milk? ›

Grade B: milk is placed in small containers and then placed in ice water. Milk is usually down to 48 degrees within 30 minutes. Grade C: milk is placed in small containers and placed in a sink of very cold water, with the water being changed 2-3 times. Water from the faucet is usually around 50 degrees.

What class is Grade A milk? ›

1) Fluid Class Milk – Fluid class milk means grade A milk considered a nourishing milk to consume.

Do kids need milk? ›

Milk is important in our diets because it provides calcium, Vitamin D, Vitamin A, and protein. It is especially important for children as these nutrients are all necessary for proper growth and bone development.

Can babies have oat milk NHS? ›

Babies under 1 year old should not be given condensed, evaporated or dried milk, or any other drinks referred to as "milk", such as rice, oat or almond drinks. Between the ages of 1 and 2 years, children should be given whole milk and dairy products.

How much milk is too much? ›

There are several studies that suggest that drinking milk every day can cut down the risk of developing chronic diseases. All you need to do is consume it in moderation. A glass of milk in a day is an ideal choice. In light of the study, it is for the best to avoid drinking more than 2 glasses of milk in a day.

Do we need milk? ›

There's a good reason milk is considered a basic part of a healthy, balanced diet. "It has nutrients your body needs, like calcium, vitamin D and potassium," says Dr. Chen. However, it's not the only food that provides these building blocks for a well-balanced diet.

Is almond milk low in fat? ›

A. Almond milk and other nut milks are made from ground nuts and water. They're lower in calories than even nonfat cow's milk, but have the same amount of fat (about 2 grams per cup) as 1 percent milk.

How much fat is in half and half? ›

Most types of half-and-half contain less than half the fat of heavy cream, consisting of 10–18% fat, or about 1.7 grams per tablespoon (15 mL) ( 3 ).

Which plant-based milk is healthy? ›

Soy milk is a go-to choice for a good reason. Considered to be the original plant-based milk, it has eight grams of protein per serving and is usually fortified with vitamin D. Its nutritional content is the most comparable to cow's milk.

What is the best plant-based alternative to milk? ›

8 Best Plant-Based Milks
  • Almond milk. Slightly sweet and nutty in flavor, it's often popular as it's low in calories and fat. ...
  • Coconut milk. Also, very creamy in texture, it has one of the lowest carbohydrate and protein contents of all milk alternatives. ...
  • Hazelnut milk. ...
  • Hemp milk. ...
  • Macadamia milk. ...
  • Oat milk. ...
  • Rice milk. ...
  • Soya milk.
13 Dec 2021

How many plant-based milks are there? ›

There are about 17 different types of plant milks; almond, oat, soy, and coconut are the highest-selling worldwide. Production of plant-based milks, particularly soy and oat milks, can offer environmental advantages over animal milks in terms of greenhouse gas emissions, land and water use.

Does plant-based milk have vitamin D? ›

But milk alternatives, such as soy milk, almond milk, coconut milk, and rice milk, may be a good option for getting vitamin D, especially now. Many milk alternatives are fortified with vitamin D, so they contain almost as much D as cow's milk.

Which plant-based milk is high in protein? ›

Looking exclusively at protein content, unsweetened soy milk comes in at number one, with seven grams of protein. Oat milk is next, with four grams, hemp milk has three grams, and almond milk has one gram.

Is almond milk a plant-based milk? ›

Almond milk is a plant-based beverage made from filtered almonds and water. It is naturally dairy- and lactose-free, making it a good option for those avoiding dairy.

Why plant-based milk is better? ›

Lower in fat and calories

Compared to one cup of whole-fat cow's milk, most plant-based milks have 37% to 75% less fat. Many varieties of non-dairy milk, including almond, rice, coconut, hemp and cashew milk, are lower in calories than dairy milk.

Which plant-based milk is best for acne? ›

Almonds are particularly good for acne-prone skin because they're also loaded with omega-3 fatty acids. These fatty acids have anti-inflammatory properties that can reduce the redness and inflammation associated with acne. Just make sure you opt for sugar-free almond milk.

Is vegan milk healthy? ›

They are a great source of plant-based protein, have plenty of calcium, protein and omega-3 healthy fats, which our bodies do not create naturally. An unsweetened box of a brand like Good Karma can be stored in the pantry for months before it's opened and has a very creamy taste.

Is plant-based milk free? ›

Vegan diets ban all animal-derived products, such as dairy, eggs, meat, and fish. Dairy-free diets exclude dairy but may allow other animal foods. While all vegan food is dairy-free, not all dairy-free food is vegan.

What are 4 alternatives for milk? ›

Milk alternatives
  • Almond milk. Almond milk is a popular milk alternative because it is easy to make, cheap to buy, and many find it delicious. ...
  • Soy milk. Some doctors may recommend soy milk for people who are intolerant to dairy foods or looking to cut calories. ...
  • Coconut milk. ...
  • Rice milk. ...
  • Other options.
23 Oct 2018

Which plant-based milk is best for weight loss? ›

Plant-based options such as cashew, almond, hemp, flax, soy, coconut, and macadamia milk seem to be the best milk alternatives for weight loss. Not only are they dairy and lactose-free, but they are low in calories and have no saturated fats.


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